It is no truer that “atoms are what they are because we use ‘atom’ as we do” than that “we use ‘atom’ as we do because atoms are as they are.” Both of these claims, the antirepresentationlist says, are entirely empty. Both are pseudo-explanations. It is particularly important that the antirepresentationalist insist that the latter claim is a pseudo-explanation.

Antirepresentationalism, Ethnocentrism, and Liberalism