American pragmatism

“Cambridge” pragmatism


Graphical representation of influences

graph TD

H[G. W. F. Hegel] -.-> B[F. H. Bradley]

H -.-> P[C. S. Pierce]

H -.-> R[Josiah Royce]

H -.-> D[John Dewey]


B -.-> R


R -.-> D

R --> L{C. I. Lewis}


P -.-> J[William James]

P -.-> L


J --> L


L --> G[Nelson Goodman]

L --> Q[W. V. O. Quine]

L --> S{Wilfrid Sellars}


C{Rudolph Carnap} --> G

C --> Q

C -.-> S


Q --> DD[Donald Davidson]

Dotted lines are influence, solid lines are advisors, diamonds are neo-kantians.


What does it mean that “All ’s are necessarily ’s”? A pragmatist answer is that it is a license to infer statements like ” is a ” from statements like ” is an “.


External resources


  1. Blackburn: false beliefs can be useful, e.g. it may be useful to believe you are the most popular person in class but that does not make it true. Conversely, many things we think of as true are useless.