Historical eras


Ancient philosophy

Medieval philosophy

Early modern

Enlightenment philosophy

Post-kantian philosophy



Analytic philosophy

Continental philosophy


  • Sellars’ view: Goal of philosophy
    • He describes the major problem of his time as reconciling the “clash” between “the ‘manifest’ image of man-in-the-world” and “the scientific image”.

Relation to other disciplines

Philosophy “with a capital P” is the “queen of the sciences”. All scientific knowledge is representational or concerned with knowledge, so if philosophy has a special insight into representation or knowledge, then the other disciplines must answer to it.

This style and status of philosophy is challenged by Rorty.